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"ssystem.doc" from the official MiNT-Documentation of the latest kernal release.

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Documentation file for Ssystem(), the new kernel call

last update: 1998-10-06

I. Introduction

The Ssystem() call has been designed to make your life easier. Using this
you can get some closer control on the system and the kernel itself. Via
this call the kernel now supports e.g. an easy Cookie Jar management and
provides a safe access to supervisor memory. It's strictly encouraged to
access GEMDOS variables and system vectors via the Ssystem(), because this
way is considered safe for multiuser setups.

II. Definition


long Ssystem(short mode, long arg1, long arg2);


	move.l	#arg2,-(sp)
	move.l	#arg1,-(sp)
	move.w	#mode,-(sp)
	move.w	#$0154,-(sp)
	trap	#1
	lea	$0c(sp),sp

III. Caveats

a) Prior to any further Ssystem() usage, your application should first
check if the kernel supports this call. If it does, the following

	Ssystem(-1, 0L, 0L);

should return a zero. You can expect the function to be present if MiNT
version at least 1.15 is detected.

b) the Ssystem() does _NOT_ depend on the SECURELEVEL.

c) any values returned by the kernel on 'reserved' fields should be
   considered undocumented and no software should rely on them.

IV. Available modes

Notice: the returned value is always LONG, so, if you're a C programmer,
you may have to cast the result to the type specified in the 'return'

Kernel information

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 0	OSNAME		NULL	NULL	long	0x4d694e54 for MiNT
 1	OSXNAME		NULL	NULL	long	0x46726565 = FreeMiNT
 2	OSVERSION	NULL	NULL	long	0x010e0662 = 1.14.6 beta
 3	TOSHEADER	0L	NULL	short	TOS version number in low word
 4	OS_BUILD_DATE	NULL	NULL	long	0x040c07dc = 4.XII.1997.
 5	OS_BUILD_TIME	NULL	NULL	long	0x04090a16 = Thu 9:10:22 am
 6	COMPILE_TYPE	NULL	NULL	long	the CPU the kernel was compiled for
 7	FEATURES	NULL	NULL	long	memory protection/VM state

OSNAME identifies the operating system type. Returned longword contains a
32-bit number, which interpreted as an ASCII string gives a 4-character
ID. For MiNT the returned value is 0x4d694e54 ('MiNT').

OSXNAME identifies the subtype of the operating system. If this call
returns a zero, that means, that no subtype is available. Otherwise the
returned value, when interpreted as an ASCII string gives a 4-character
sub-ID. For FreeMiNT, being a derivative of the MiNT, the returned value
is 0x46726565 ('Free').

OSVERSION identifies the exact operating system version. Returned longword
contains a 32 bit version number encoded as follows:

	bits	meaning
	----	-------
	0-7	some printable character to characterize the
	        current version eg.
	        	0x61 ('a') if alpha release,
	        	0x62 ('b') if beta release.
	        For `official' FreeMiNT releases you will
	        always find a value of 0 here.  (Definition of
	        an `official' FreeMiNT release:  Every
	        release for which in bits 0-7 a value of 0
	        is returned...)
	8-15	patchlevel (0x55 for pl 88)
	16-23	minor version number (0x0e for x.14)
	24-31	major version number ($01 for 1.xx)

TOSHEADER allows to access the TOS header in order to get some information
from.  Current implementation allows to access the first 1024 longwords of
the header.  The address of the required longword, relative to the
beginning of the TOS header, has to be specified as arg1. Only even values
are allowed (bit 0 of the arg1 is masked out by the kernel). Always a
whole longword is returned.

OS_BUILD_DATE returns a 32 bit value with the build date encoded as

	bits	meaning
	----	-------
	0-15	binary year ($07dd for 1998)
	16-23	binary month ($0c for the December)
	24-31	binary day of the month

OS_BUILD_TIME returns a 32 bit value with the build time encoded as

	bits	meaning
	----	-------
	0-7	binary seconds
	8-15	binary minutes
	16-23	binary hours
	24-31	day of week (1 for monday, 2 for tuesday ... 7 for sunday)

COMPILE_TYPE returns a 32-bit value specifying the CPU type the kernel has
been compiled for. Encoding:

	bits	meaning
	----	-------
	0-15	binary CPU ID ($001e = 68030)
	16-31	reserved for FPU ID (currently not implemented)

FEATURES returns a 32-bit value specifying the state of memory management
features. Encoding:

	bits	meaning
	----	-------
	0	memory protection (1 = turned on)
	1	virtual memory (1 = turned on)
	2-31	reserved for future usage

Cookie Jar management

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 8	GETCOOKIE	tag	ptr	0	get Cookie Jar value for 'tag'
 8	GETCOOKIE     	slot	ptr	0	get Cookie Jar tag of number 'slot'
 9	SETCOOKIE	tag	value	0	place tag/value in the Cookie Jar

GETCOOKIE fetches required information from the Cookie Jar. If 'arg1' is a
value bigger than 65535 ($ffff), it is interpreted as a tag id. The cookie
jar is searched for such a tag, then if the tag is found, the
corresponding slot value is returned or -1 otherwise. If 'arg1' is a value
between 1 and 65535, it is interpreted as a slot number, not a tag id.
Then the corresponding tag id is fetched and returned or a value of -1 if
the specified slot is free or does not exist at all (a slot number past
the end of the Cookie Jar was specified). The first slot in the Cookie Jar
is considered number 1. If 'arg1' is equal to a zero, then the Cookie Jar
is searched for the NULL cookie, then the corresponding slot value is
returned.  The place where the value fetched from the Cookie Jar will be
returned is defined by the 'arg2'. If this is a zero, the call returns its
values in the GEMDOS return value (d0). If the 'arg2' is not a zero, it is
interpreted as a pointer, where the slot tag or value should be written
to. The return value is 0 (E_OK) then, if everything went OK, or -1
otherwise. This behaviour (where arg2 != NULL) is new in MiNT 1.14.8.

SETCOOKIE places a tag id specified by the 'arg1' with the value of the
'arg2' in the Cookie Jar. If a slot with the specified tag id already
exists, it will be replaced with the new value. NULL cookie is reallocated
automatically and its value is corrected. If there are no more free slots,
no action is performed and ENSMEM is returned instead. SETCOOKIE requires
euid root, EACCDN is returned otherwise and no action is performed either.
SETCOOKIE refuses to place a cookie (a value of -1 is returned) whose tag
id contains a zero-byte.

System variables management

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 10	GET_LVAL	addr	NULL	long	returns lword from specified addr
 11	GET_WVAL	addr	NULL	short	returns word from speified addr
 12	GET_BVAL	addr	NULL	char	returns byte from specified addr
 13	SET_LVAL	addr	value	0	sets a byte at a specified address
 14	SET_WVAL	addr	value	0	sets a word at a specified address
 15	SET_BVAL	addr	value	0	sets a longword at a specified address

GET_LVAL, GET_WVAL and GET_BVAL fetch and return a longword, a word or a
byte respectively from the address of supervisor area specified as a
16-bit, even integer value passed as 'arg1'. Odd numbers get decreased by
1 for GET_LVAL and GET_WVAL. Addresses from $0008 up to $ffff are allowed,
the call returns a zero for addresses less than $0008.

SET_LVAL, SET_WVAL and SET_BVAL places a longword, word or byte value
respectively, specified by 'arg2' at address specified by 'arg1'. Since
this call is designed for manipulating operating system variables located
within the supervisor area (first 32k), all SET_xVAL modes are restricted
for euid root and return EACCDN if called by an unprivileged process.

Kernel management

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 16	SYS_SLEVEL	slevel	NULL	0
 16	SYS_SLEVEL	-1	NULL	slevel
 18	TSLICE		slices	NULL	0	negative on error
 18	TSLICE		-1	NULL	slices	current time_slice value
 19	FORCEFASTLOAD	0	NULL	0	switch off fastload
 19	FORCEFASTLOAD	1	NULL	0	switch on fastload
 19	FORCEFASTLOAD	-1	NULL	fastld	return the current state of the fastload
 20	SYNC_TIME	seconds	NULL	0	set sync time
 20	SYNC_TIME	-1	NULL	seconds	current sync time

SYS_SLEVEL resets the current security level to a value specified by
'arg1'. Only values of 0, 1 and 2 are accepted, EACCDN is returned
otherwise. This mode is restricted to euid root. If 'arg1' is equal to a
-1, the current security level value is returned.

TSLICE allows you to set/interrogate the timeslice value. Values are
exactly the same as for SLICES keyword in MINT.CNF. 'arg1' equal to -1
returns the current global timeslice value.

FORCEFASTLOAD allows to change the interpretation of the FASTLOAD bit from
the program header. On Ssystem(FORCEFASTLOAD, 0, NULL) the program header
bit will be used as before, this is actually equal to FASTLOAD=NO in
MINT.CNF. On Ssystem(FORCEFASTLOAD, 1, NULL), the program header bit will
be ignored and fastload will be forced for all programs. arg1 = -1 allows
to examinate the current state of this feature. This mode is restricted to
euid root.

SYNC_TIME allows to change the time between two filesystem syncs. If you use
a filesystem with write back cache like MinixFS or NEWFATFS the kernel sync
automatically every filesystem in regular intervals. With SYNC_TIME you can
change these time. This mode is new in FreeMiNT 1.15.

Time management

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 100	CLOCK_UTC	-1	NULL	cmode
 100	CLOCK_UTC	cmode	NULL	0

GET_CLOCK_MODE called with an ARG1 of -1 inquires the kernel's notion of
the hardware system clock.  If the command returns zero, the hardware
clock is considered to tick in UTC, if it returns a positive non-zero
value it is considered to tick in local time.  Every other positive value
sets the current clock mode.  For 0 it is reset to UTC, or to local time
otherwise.  Although this call will never really change the setting of the
hardware clock, due to a changed interpretation the clock seems to warp;
don't play around too much with it.

For further information please see the file minttime.doc.

WARNING: modes 16-18 are new in FreeMiNT 1.14.7. Mode 100 is new in
FreeMiNT 1.15. If the kernel provides Tgettimeofday and Tsettimeofday you
can expect them to be supported.

Other modes

 number	mode		arg1	arg2	return	comment
 ------	----		----	----	------	-------
 17	RUN_LEVEL	run_lvl	NULL	short	currently not implemented
 21752	TIOCMGET	addr	NULL	short	reserved for the MiNT Library

RUN_LEVEL is currently not implemented but reserved for future.

TIOCMGET is reserved for the MiNT Library and shouldn't be used by
application software.

V. Implementations

Ssystem(), if supported by the kernel, is used by the MiNT Library as of
patchlevel 48. The call should be considered officially supported as of
FreeMiNT version 1.15.

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